Rural Population Relocation

environment

Rural Population Relocation

Status: in progress

To ensure proper handling of owners and residents of rural areas around the reservoir, Investco executed an extensive program intended for impacted families, which involved the completion of a socioeconomic registry, the discussion and implementation of negotiations, concentrating on possible treatment alternatives. The program had direct participation from Naturatins, Ibama, State and Federal Public Ministries, representatives of the impacted population and Population Affected by Dams Movement (abbreviated in Portuguese as MAB). The options available were compensation, barter, rent, resettlement, relocation, and self-relocation.

The most important action was the one that involved the resettlements, in which the families participated in the choice of the villages’ locations. The resettlements were implemented observing the replacement of existing services and infrastructure in the areas of origin. The houses, all plastered, were built in different models, with 2 to 4 rooms, according to the family composition or residence size in the area of origin. The buildings have electricity, septic tanks, sinks and running water or water from a well. In the annex, a loft and a country kitchen with a hearth were built.

363 families were resettled in 12 areas in the municipalities of Palmas, Porto Nacional, Miracema, Lajeado, Ipueiras and Brejinho de Nazaré. These families received specialized technical assistance, especially for family agriculture, initially promoted by Ruraltins and by the Work, Provision of Services, Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Cooperative (abbreviated in Portuguese as COOPTER) and the Association for the Development and Preservation of the Araguaia and Tocantins Rivers (abbreviated in Portuguese as ADEPRATO). These people were trained to prepare their lands. For this, Investco also made available the agricultural inputs, such as fertilizer and limestone, the installation of terraces, the fruitful tree seedlings and the availability of tools. In addition to the various training courses in the most varied modalities with market demand, Investco provided the provision of staple basket products during the phase of adaptation to the new socio-environmental conditions. Actions were also promoted, aimed at seeking credit lines from the National Family Agriculture Program (abbreviated in Portuguese as PRONAF) and specific assistance to the elderly, with activities aimed at giving these people decent conditions in order to support themselves.

Many families received more than one type of treatment because they had more than one piece of land. Thus, 2,234 families received 2,627 treatments.

The actions of responsibility of Investco determined in the program were adjusted with the conclusion of the participatory processes of consolidation of the Rural Development Plan (abbreviated in Portuguese as PDR). However, due to changes in legislation, the land regularization of some real estate is being remade to comply with current laws.